Language:
The dominant language spoken by the Bambara is "Bamana", or "Bamanankan". Bamana is also Mali's national language, with 80% of the population speaking it. The Bamana language is widely spoken especially in the areas of business and trade. It is connected with the Bantu language, which includes Swahili and Zulu Missionary Mandate.


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Bambara Language


History of Language:
Under colonization, Bamana became the mother language of the French colonial army, but also used in other industrial contexts such as schooling by the White Sisters, a Catholic women's missionary organization. The hegemony of the language stemmed from outlets of literature and media.
After independence from the French, newspapers were created, radio programs were broadcasted, and television was aired. The national organization in charge of promoting applied linguistic research, literary, and education in national languages is the Direction Nationale De L'alphabetisation Fonctionelle et de la Linguistique Appliquee, or the DNAFLA. The organization was created in 1975, and it also enforced Bamana as a national language in Mali Every Culture.