The Bambara are a large Mande racial group located mostly in the country of Mali. They are the largest and most dominant group in that country. Calling themselves the "Bamanan", rejection of the master, the Bambara group has ancestral roots from the Ivory Coast, along the Niger River (they are not native to the homeland). After Mali's independence in 1960, the Bambara occupied the country with their own village chiefs as local agents of the state
Mali is the largest country in West Africa, and is bordered by seven other states: Algeria lies to the north and northeast, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso to the southeast and, with the Ivory Coast, to the south. On the west are Senegal and Mauritania. Mali's single most important geographic feature is undoubtedly the great Niger River, which traverses both the Sahel and the southeastern section of the country. The Niger, like the Nile, is both a critical source of sustenance and a major transportation artery--and in this latter capacity it is an excellent venue for boat travel (Mali)

Map of Mali...One of the jewels in Africa's Crown

In total, there are 2,786, 385 Bamanan . As of 1995, 2,700,000 live in Mali, and 117,000 live in the neighboring countries of Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mauritania, and Guinea.
World Culture The Bamanan is the largest group in Mali, with 2,000,000 plus people occupying it.

Mali Occupied by the Bambara

The geographical position of Mali subjects it to substantial climatic variations. Years of abundant rainfall alternate with years of scarcity, or even real drought. In the recent history of the country, agricultural production has suffered badly from droughts in 1973 and 1982. In order to temper the hazards of climate, or, more exactly, the scarcity of rainfall, growers have recourse to itinerant cultivation on burnt terrain, a practice that has consequences for the water cycle. Although agriculture in Mali is largely rain-dependent, irrigation also plays an important part. Rice, one of the principal agricultural products (comprising some 16 percent of agricultural production) and a food staple in Mali, is primarily cultivated by irrigation (diversion of water from the Niger river) in the regions of Segu and Mopti. Firewood is the country's principal source of energy: 93 percent of all households used it for fuel as of 1987. Electricity is mostly used by industry; very few households have access to it (less than one percent in 1987). Electricity in Mali is produced almost entirely from hydraulic sources; it comes principally from the Selinguay Dam, built on the Sakarni River, one of the tributaries of the Niger. Of a total national electricity production of 69 megawatts, 71 percent is from hydraulic sources--63 percent from the Selinguay dam alone. Water and electricity are provided by a single company, EDM (Mali Energy), in which the government is the majority shareholder Environment

The Bambara...Hunting and gathering society