Traditional Political Organization:
The Bambara follow a classical hierarchical system, according to their traditional society. This system is broken up into three social divisions, similar to castes. The top and highest level are the horon or the nobles who were farmers and warriors. Next, is the jon or slaves who would work for other members of the Bambara tribe. The last level is the nyamakala or workers, who often were in occupations such as carpenters, blacksmiths, pottery makers, etc. Since 1960, however, this social system has been almost eliminated, as a Mali law prohibited limited access to water and land, opening these resources to everyone. To implement this law, however, the local officials often fall short as traditions are deeply rooted and the reputations of each remain consistent. (Bambara Political Organization)



Contemporary Political Organization:
Currently, because the Bambara mostly reside in the country of Mali, they follow their current government system. This follows a republican system with a President as head of the government and military, with new leaders elected every five years and a two term limit. The President’s right hand man, the Prime Minister is picked by the President and is head of the National Assembly or legislative body of the Mali government which has 116 politicians. The laws in Mali are heavily influenced by French civil system, as the country used to be under French Rule until 1960. (Mali Government Structure)


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