Recent Changes

Tuesday, December 6

  1. page Art in Bambara Culture edited ... Ceramics were seen as a women's art form. Although so present in Bambaran society, men do not …
    ...
    Ceramics were seen as a women's art form. Although so present in Bambaran society, men do not model with clay, just as women do not work on statuary. Pottery is done by women who belong to the blacksmith caste and is created in one of two ways. The ceramic creation can be molded by hollowing out a mass of clay with the help of a large cylindrical stone, or by rolling a cylinder of clay around a mold. The heating of the clay is done over an open air fire. eHRAF
    Music:
    ...
    called the table.tabale. It was
    {http://i00.i.aliimg.com/photo/v0/106737998/Pro_Bambara_Djembe_instrument.jpg} Bambara Djembe
    (view changes)
    6:41 am
  2. page Contemporary Issues edited Contemporary Issues One of the results of colonialism and globalization of the Bambara region w…
    Contemporary Issues
    One of the results of colonialism and globalization of the Bambara region was that of the spreading of the Bambara language. Ironically, colonialism promoted the spread of the Bambara language, but only in efforts by the French to facilitate French administration. The presence and domination of the Bambara language is an indication of the Bambara’s presence and influence in the Niger region, lending itself to Bambara’s distributing, if not globalizing, abilities (Djata).
    Since the Bambara are essentially agriculturalists, they have no cities of their own. Bamako and other cities alike are all the result of White establishment created for commerce, administration, industry, banking and education (Present Evolution). Westernization came about through French inhabiting Bamako, instilling western cultural values. Western, capitalists’ infrastructure also characterized Bamako. Bamako became an urban center after colonization. Such physical changes to the city effected traditional Bambara social structure (‪Falola 225). Bamako increasingly sees populations of de-tribal Bambara, who find themselves adapting to European economic organization. “Industrialization is just beginning in the Bambara country, but the European form of economic organization has spread widely even where native work methods exist, leading, as a result, to economic individualism” (Present Evolution).
    (view changes)
    6:27 am
  3. page Effects of Colonialism and the World System edited ... French imperial expanders colonized the Bambara society for the purposes of dominating agricul…
    ...
    French imperial expanders colonized the Bambara society for the purposes of dominating agricultural lands and commercial routes through the Middle Niger. These colonizing powers effected the Bambara populations culturally and politically. The French intended to rule the Bambara people rigidly, taking over their “chief” positions. Along with their centralized ideals, the French attempted to establish a colonial administration that was centered in Paris. However, this inflexible system proved to be inefficient and ineffective; as a result, the colonies could no longer be viewed as a homogeneous empire, but rather as separate entities ruled with somewhat unrelated administrations (Djata).
    {499085d5c740a_82647n.jpg}
    ...
    of French colonialismthatcolonialism that permitted their
    The French also attempted to colonize the Bambara region of Mali by implementing educational systems in order to develop French influence and to propagate the French language. However, oftentimes Bambara refused to attend French-established schools; the Bambara were not easily influenced by French impositions (Djata 154-155). Another way that the Bambara culture was infringed upon was the attempts by missionaries to convert the Bambara religious advocated away from their religion and towards Islam. However, this was a extensive and difficult process that the Bambara resisted heavily. Ultimately, the Bambara created a state where their religious beliefs remained independent from administration. Bambara social and religious conditions were an important aspect of community (Djata 156-157).
    ...
    a draft. TtheThe military pay
    {sinfgj.jpg}
    Bambara responses to colonialism included “resignation, resistance, and collaboration,” (Djata), a combination of various degrees of unsettlement. Opposition was prevalent, most of which stemmed from the taxes and censuses that the French colonizers implemented on the Bambara, which the Bambara interpreted as acts of intrusion. Bambara also resisted by choosing leaders that French administrators opposed, as well as holding campaigns against the colonizing forces.
    (view changes)
    6:26 am
  4. page Contemporary Issues edited Contemporary Issues One of the results of colonialism and globalization of the Bambara region w…
    Contemporary Issues
    One of the results of colonialism and globalization of the Bambara region was that of the spreading of the Bambara language. Ironically, colonialism promoted the spread of the Bambara language, but only in efforts by the French to facilitate French administration. The presence and domination of the Bambara language is an indication of the Bambara’s presence and influence in the Niger region, lending itself to Bambara’s distributing, if not globalizing, abilities (Djata).
    Since the Bambara are essentially agriculturalists, they have no cities of their own. Bamako and other cities alike are all the result of White establishment created for commerce, administration, industry, banking and education (Present Evolution). Westernization came about through French inhabiting Bamako, instilling western cultural values. Western, capitalists’ infrastructure also characterized Bamako. Bamako became an urban center after colonization. Such physical changes to the city effected traditional Bambara social structure (‪Falola 225). Bamako increasingly sees populations of de-tribal Bambara, who find themselves adapting to European economic organization. “Industrialization is just beginning in the Bambara country, but the European form of economic organization has spread widely even where native work methods exist, leading, as a result, to economic individualism” (Present Evolution).
    {hotel-de-l-amitie--bamako_5972.jpg}
    ...
    1950 the commodit
    y
    commodity prices of
    ...
    of money cro
    ps
    crops has developed
    {farm_plots.jpg} {cash_crop.JPG}
    Transportation methods are also becoming promiment, such as modern roads and bridges to assist shipping foods, ports and wharfs, and a railroad system, all of which stimulate economic progress. Progress is also being made in the fields of health, education, and urbanization. The Bambara people are therefore becoming involved in the international economy, which was made possible by a Chamber of Commerce (Present Evolution).
    (view changes)
    6:19 am
  5. page Contemporary Issues edited Contemporary Issues One of the results of colonialism and globalization of the Bambara region …

    Contemporary Issues
    One of the results of colonialism and globalization of the Bambara region was that of the spreading of the Bambara language. Ironically, colonialism promoted the spread of the Bambara language, but only in efforts by the French to facilitate French administration. The presence and domination of the Bambara language is an indication of the Bambara’s presence and influence in the Niger region, lending itself to Bambara’s distributing, if not globalizing, abilities (Djata).
    (view changes)
    6:13 am
  6. page Art in Bambara Culture edited ... Music is a privileged art among the Bambara. It is often used in religious ceremonies as well …
    ...
    Music is a privileged art among the Bambara. It is often used in religious ceremonies as well as in divinations and medicinal practice. Music is either sung or made by instruments of their own making. The chief instrument is the drum, also called the table. It was reserved for kings and chiefs and created from metal, often copper. The drums themselves were pieces of art, each being delicately crafted and stylized. They would contain engravings in the frame of the drum. The drumstick used to play the drum would also be adorned with bells. A second commonly used instrument was a guitar or ngoni. These guitars would have rectangular frames and eight strings. At the end of the handle there would be bells attached, just like on the drums, holding religious significance. Harps were often used in a variety of ceremonies including sacrifices, cathartic and medical rites, purifications, aprotropaic rites and solitary meditations. eHRAF
    {http://i00.i.aliimg.com/photo/v0/106737998/Pro_Bambara_Djembe_instrument.jpg} Bambara Djembe
    <iframe width="560" height="315" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/856xmZSaOg4" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>
    (view changes)
    6:12 am

More